E-bikes could play “big role” in diabetes treatment - BikeBiz
New study finds that just 45 minutes of cycling can help ward off Type 2 diabetes

E-bikes will play a “big role” in future diabetes treatment, according to 50cycles founder Scott Snaith.

The statement follows research from the University of Oslo finding that just 45 minutes of cycling can help balance blood sugar levels and ward off Type 2 diabetes.

Type 2 diabetics have lower sensitivity insulin than Type 1 sufferers, meaning they require more of it to stay healthy.

According to the University, by reducing phosphatidylcholine (PC) and phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) – two substances found in body muscle – through basic exercise, you can boost a person’s insulin sensitivity. 45 minutes of cycling, they say, can reduce PC and PE by five per cent.

Snaith said: “This study is welcome and is cause for optimism, particularly in that just 45 minutes of cycling has been shown to offer immediate improvements.

“However, getting back on two wheels in adulthood can be daunting, particularly those with a lack of fitness or who are slightly fearful of the road.

“That’s why I think electric bikes – which reduce the effort it takes to maintain speed but still offer aerobic exercise – can be so invaluable in fighting type 2 diabetes.

“It’s my strong belief e-bikes have a big role to play in diabetes treatment in the future.”

Lead research author Sindre Lee, who carried out 12 weeks of testing on a group of male patients, said: “Type 2 diabetes affects 415 million adults worldwide, and is predicted to rise to 642 million by 2040.

“Physical activity is known to improve insulin sensitivity and glucose tolerance, which might prevent development of Type 2 diabetes. A single bout of exercise is sufficient to increase skeletal muscle glucose uptake for several hours.

“Twelve weeks of exercise can significantly improve whole-body glucose metabolism and insulin sensitivity. Extensive improvement in insulin sensitivity may occur by combining strength and endurance training.”

He added: “Exercise intervention for 12 weeks enhanced insulin sensitivity by 33 per cent… and reduced PC:PE by 16 per cent.

“One bicycle session reduced PC:PE by five per cent. PC:PE correlated negatively with insulin sensitivity.

“In conclusion, PC and PE contents of skeletal muscle respond to exercise, and PC:PE is inversely related to insulin sensitivity.”

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